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Therefore, early diagnosis of DM could favor the implementation of measures aimed at preventing cardiovascular complications.

Dysglycaemia and UT2DM were defined according to American Diabetes Association criteria.. Results The study population comprised 1,426 participants (832 females and 594 males) with a mean age of 62 years (SD = 6.

This increase may be due to the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity, a generalized decrease in physical activity, and changes in the demographic structure of the population [].. Patients with T2DM can remain asymptomatic for a long time with elevated blood glucose levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol.. DM risk scores [] constitute an easy, non-invasive, and inexpensive approach to the assessment of an individual’s risk of UT2DM and dysglycaemia that can reduce the number of people who have to undergo diagnostic glucose tolerance tests [].. From breaking news and entertainment to sports and politics, get the full story with all the live commentary.

Furthermore, findings in the literature suggest that every year around 5%-10% of individuals with prediabetes, ie, those with impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance, have a high risk of being diagnosed with T2DM [].. Consequently, it is necessary to evaluate the diagnostic performance of diabetes screening tools in these countries, since variations in prevalence lead to considerable changes in the predictive values of the tools.. In fact, diagnosis is often not confirmed until the development of serious complications, whose management is more difficult and expensive.. Four different gold standards were used for UT2DM and any dysglycaemia, as follows: fasting plasma glucose (FPG), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), HbA1c, and OGTT or HbA1c.

The prevalence of DM is lower in countries where the Mediterranean diet is followed [].. Consequently, interest in identifying individuals with undiagnosed T2DM (UT2DM) is high, considering that there is strong evidence that the progression of uncomplicated T2DM to complicated T2DM can be slowed or stopped with lifestyle modifications [] or pharmacological interventions [].. When patients are diagnosed with DM or impaired glucose tolerance, they have frequently already developed subclinical atherosclerosis [].. The FINDRISC and MADRISC scores were evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve method (ROC-AUC).. It seems that earlier detection of this population and follow-up with intervention strategies could delay or prevent T2DM, improve glycemic control, and even decrease the incidence of DM and the development of associated complications [].. Methods A population-based, cross-sectional, descriptive study was carried out with participants with UT2DM, ranged between 45–74 years and lived in two districts in the north of metropolitan Madrid (Spain).. Over 90% of patients with DM have type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and over 50% of cases are undiagnosed [].. 2% in women; p Introduction Diabetes mellitus (DM) affects around 8 3% of the adult population worldwide, and the total number of cases is predicted to rise from 371 million in 2012 to 552 million in 2030 []. 5ebbf469cd